Types of wood flooring
There are several types of wood floor each of that has their own characteristics and attributes. Here are some information about different types of wood flooring
The main options are:
- Solid strip timber flooring
- Engineered flooring
- Prefinished solid
There are also a series of related products, namely:
- Laminate flooring
- Cork flooring
- Bamboo flooring
The following section provides guidance on the various flooring options, their characteristics and application.
Types of Wood Flooring
Solid strip timber flooring (sometimes referred to as ‘tongue and groove’) is fixed to sheet sub floors of particleboard or plywood over joists or battens or direct onto a concrete slab. The traditional timber floor is renowned for its strength, durability and character. Throughout its life, solid strip timber flooring can be rejuvenated to near new condition by sanding and refinishing. It is ideal for new houses or to match existing floors in renovations and can be top (face) nailed, secretly fixed or glued to concrete slabs.
Engineered flooring is manufactured with a decorative layer of timber bonded over layers of other timber beneath. This not only provides some additional stability but also maintains all the appearance and characteristics associated with solid timber flooring. Some engineered floors are pre-finished while others are designed to be sanded and finished after installation. Engineered floors may be laid as floating floors, glued to a sub-floor as an overlay and in some cases fixed as a structural floor. Pre-finished engineered floors are ready to walk on once installed.
Prefinished solid timber floors combine natural solid timber flooring with a factory finish. Similar to engineered products there is no sanding and finishing after installation. Boards may be square edged or maybe arrised to a fine rounded edge. Prefinished solid timber floors are usually installed as an overlay floor
Parquetry comes in two forms, block parquetry and the mosaic parquetry sheet. Parquetry provides many options of combining block orientation, size and species to transform floors into an outstanding feature. They can be laid to various sub-floors and similar to strip timber floors, can easily be rejuvenated throughout their life.
Laminate flooring typically consists of a timber look finish comprising high density fibre board, topped with a faux timber-look fi lm. Laminate floors can be laid over most surfaces utilising an underlay and in most instances can be as quick to lay as a floating floor.
Cork tiles provide a different look to timber boards or parquetry by utilising natural cork in tile form which is then adhered directly to a sub-floor or level underlay. Cork as with timber is lightly sanded and finished to provide a natural looking highly durable surface that is soft underfoot.
Bamboo flooring is a grass as opposed to a timber. In many respects it acts similar to solid timber floors. Some flooring is manufactured to provide an even appearance while other products are of laminated construction and can provide a greater blend of colours. The bamboo flooring is pre-finished and is generally adhesive fixed to the sub-floor.
All information from Australian Timber Flooring Association
SOLID TIMBER SPECIES