Timber Species for Flooring
First prize goes to the reader who can find a Tasmanian Oak tree and send us a cutting! There is, in fact, no such thing as a Tasmanian Oak tree. The name Tasmanian Oak is used to describe a combination of three species of eucalypt commonly found in Tasmania – Alpine Ash, Mountain Ash and Messmate. The reference to Oak originates from early European timber workers who believed it was similar in strength and appearance to English Oak.
Rose Gum (eucalyptus grandis), also known as Flooded Gum and Scrub Gum, is a very tall forest tree, growing from 45 to 55 metres in height, and one to two metres in diameter.
Red Mahogany (Eucalyptus resinifera) is a medium sized tree growing up to forty five metres in height, and from one to one and a half metres in diameter. It grows along Australia’s east coast, from Sydney in NSW to Atherton in Queensland.
Cypress is a small to medium sized softwood, widely grown in inland areas of New South Wales and Queensland, where there is moderate rainfall. It is extremely hardy and can survive in poor soil conditions. The tree grows from four to twelve metres in height, with a trunk up to fifty centimetres in diameter. Where the soil and climate conditions are good, Cypress can grow to a height of twenty metres.
Victorian Ash is the collective name for Mountain Ash (eucalyptus regnans) and Alpine Ash (eucalyptus delegatensis). Grown in south eastern Victoria, predominantly along the Great Dividing Range, these virtually identical hardwoods are renowned for their exceptional height and straightness.
Blackbutt is a tall hardwood, growing in large numbers
in coastal forests between Bega in New South Wales and Maryborough in Queensland. A moderate to large tree with a long, straight cylindrical trunk, Blackbutt reaches heights of 40 to 60 metres, with a diameter of up to three metres.
Jarrah is one of the most common species of eucalyptus tree grown in the south western corner of Western Australia and one of the state’s few commercial species. Its botanical name is eucalyptus marginata, which refers to the light coloured vein on the edge of the leaf.
Grey Ironbark is a hardwood commonly found along the coast of New South Wales and Queensland. It is a medium sized tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50m, with a stem diameter of about 1.5m.
It gets its name from the colour and toughness of the bark on the tree. It is hard, deeply furrowed and ridged.
Brushbox is a medium sized tree growing on the edge
of the rainforests along the east coast of Australia,
from Newcastle in New South Wales to Maryborough in Queensland. Some isolated stands also occur further north.
The Spotted Gum is a tall tree growing up to 50 metres in height and 1.3 metres in diameter, which grows along the east coast of Australia from the New South Wales-Victorian border, extending to the Maryborough district in south east Queensland. Spotted Gum is a large hardwood and the tree sheds elliptical strips of bark as it weathers, deriving its common name from the mottled or spotted appearance. It has small white flowers which appear from winter to spring.
Sydney Blue Gum is a large fast growing hardwood which occurs naturally in moist forests on fertile, well drained soils along the east coast of Australia from Batemans Bay in New South Wales to southern Queensland. There are occasional occurrences further north.